Alpine Exam Assessment Activities

Alpine Level II Assessment Activities

Wedge Turn:  Slow speed turns on novice pitched terrain.  Feet are hip to shoulder width apart with ski tips closer together than tails of skis.  Skis are on opposing edges the entire time skier is connecting turns on novice terrain.
Wedge Turns Body And Ski Performance
Wedge Turns

Assessment Criteria:

  • Skis stay on opposing edges through all turn phases.
  • Wedge remains relatively the same size during the entire run and feet should be roughly hip to shoulder width.
  • Skis are guided through round turns with steering from the feet and legs.
  • Joint use allows skier to direct pressure along length of skis
  • Pressure is directed towards the outside ski.


Wedge Christie:  Performed on green or easy blue terrain at novice zone speeds. At turn entry, both skis are released, but edge change occurs at different rates.  As the skis begin to turn down the hill, this differing rate of edge change leaves the skis on opposing edges.  As the turn develops, the inside ski will flatten, returning the skis to corresponding edges, allowing the skis to become parallel. The timing of the inside ski edge change will determine the location at which the skis become parallel and may occur at different locations throughout the turn depending on terrain, speed, and student confidence level.
WC Body and Ski Performance
Wedge Christie
Advanced Wedge Christie

Assessment Criteria:

  • Convergence of the skis occurs as the new outside ski is able to be steered faster than the new inside ski.  The skis should NOT be pushed or stemmed into a wedge.
  • A skidded arc is accomplished with the turning of the leg, separate from the upper body.
  • At turn initiation, the COM moves towards the apex of the new turn, NOT to the outside of the turn.
  • Turning or rotation of skis is progressive rather than abrupt and originating from the feet and legs.
  • The pivot point of the skis is under the foot.
  • Feet should remain hip width or slightly wider and equidistance apart throughout the entire turn.


Basic Parallel:  On intermediate or easy black terrain, skis are guided through a skidded arc, staying the same distance apart.  A functional pole touch, and  an appropriate blend of fundamentals for an intermediate level skier is used.  Basic Parallel Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • Skis remain same distance apart at all parts of the turn.
  • Both skis edges are released at the same rate and remain on corresponding edges through all turn phases.  The skis turn at similar rate to maintain parallel ski relationship.
  • Steering of the skis and turning comes from the leg rotation separate from the upper body.
  • Turning is primarily accomplished through steering.
  • Pressure should be directed towards the outside ski and the relationship of COM to the base of support should be maintained to direct pressure towards the center of the skis.
  • Pole swing and touch should be directed roughly towards apex of new turn and should assist the release of old and engagement of new turns.


Basic Leapers:  Medium radius, open parallel turns on intermediate terrain with moderate speed. The skier leaps through the transition from one turn to the next.  The skis should take off from, and land in a medium radius turn path.  Dynamic Medium Radius Leapers Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • The leap is performed from extension movements with both skis coming off the snow at the same time and landing back on the snow at the same time.
  • The direction of the leap should be towards the start of the next turn.
  • Edge change occurs while in the air.

Joints flex to absorb energy when landing and allow skier to control relationship of COM in relationship to the base of support.


Lane ChangesOn intermediate terrain using the width of approximately two groomers. Starting with a pre-assigned number of short turns, with the last turn entering a medium radius turn.  This medium turn should bring the skier across the hill to the next lane where short turns are again started.  This is frequently performed with 5 short turns – one medium lane change – back to 5 short turns.   L2 Lane Change Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • Short turns should have consistent shape and radius.
  • Lane change should be distinct and of obvious difference in radius to the short turns.
  • Medium turn going across hill must have shape and not be a traverse.
  • Going from medium back to short turns should have grip and shape above the fall line.
  • The timing and intensity of movements should be adjusted appropriately for the different turn shapes.
  • The first short turn in each lane should be short, not medium


Skate Down the Fall Line:  Skating is performed down a consistent fall line on gentle, novice terrain for approximately 20-50 yards.  Each skating movement should provide propulsion.
Assessment CriteriaSkating in Fall Line Video

  • Skier should be able to roll ski to inside edge to engage ski from lower body movements.  Skier moves off an engaged ski
  • Body should move forward towards the direction of the new gliding ski.
  • The gliding ski should be kept close to the fall line
  • Skis should remain with tips farther apart than tails.
  • Upper body should remain facing down the fall line.
  • The skier should propel forward from glide ski to glide ski to maintain the relationship of the COM with the base of support

 


Basic Parallel turns No Poles:  Basic Parallel turns are performed with no pole swing or touch.  Poles are usually held halfway between ski pole handle and ski pole basket, so poles cannot be dragged on snow.  Performed on Blue, or easy Black terrain. Basic Parallel No Poles Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • It is evident that turn shape comes from the legs turning under a stable upper body.  Refer to assessment criteria in Open Parallel Turns disregarding the pole use criteria.
  • Balance should be maintained without the aid of the poles.


Railroad Tracks:  Performed on novice terrain using a narrow corridor approximately the width of one groomer.  Skier uses the sidecut of skis to perform pure carving, with no skidding while moving from one set of edges to the other.  Railroad Track Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • Tipping movements start in the boots and small movements originate from the feet.  As speed and turn shape increase, more joints progressively become involved in edging, including knees, legs and hips.
  • Skis are tipped simultaneously and sidecut engages as skis travel forward along their length.
  • Turning comes from sidecut of the ski and develops a natural arc with the tail following the exact path as the tip leaving two clean arcs in the snow.
  • Pressure is directed from outside ski to outside ski.


Stem Turn:  At turn initiation uphill ski is moved uphill (stem) as the skier directs pressure towards it, placing the skis in a converging relationship.  As turn develops the inside ski is stepped or slid back into a parallel relationship with outside ski to finish turn in parallel relationship. This task is done to show the skiers’ versatility and agility to cut off the top of turn to negotiate difficult terrain like a skinny narrow line or to help students negotiate terrain when a pure round turn could be difficult. Stem Turn Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • Skier is able to stem the ski with movements of the lower body.  This is accomplished with new outside foot and leg moving, not from moving the COM uphill to step or brush the ski.
  • The pivot point of the stemmed ski is at the tip.
  • Old outside ski is released as it is in a wedge turn, with the COM moving toward new turn.
  • Skier is able to brush or step the inside ski into parallel relationship at end of turn.


Straight Run to Hockey Stop:  Straight run 5-8 ski lengths to a pivot of skis into a vertical sideslip 3-4 ski lengths down the fall line to an edge set which has a corresponding pole plant.  The skier should then hold this stopped position, without movement, for a count of 3.
*Need to be able to do this task by pivoting right to a stop and also pivoting to the left. Straight Run to Hockey stop Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • Feet should remain in a 1 ski length corridor.
  • Skis should remain parallel from start to finish.
  • Joints are flexed to manage pressure from foot to foot and to control pressure along length or skis.
  • Leg rotation is used to rotate skis to transition from straight run to side slip from under the feet.
  • Edge set should be crisp, timed with a pole touch and have little lateral deviation both before and after the stop.
  • The pole touch should occur by the skier moving towards the touch as they flex to absorb the pressure from stopping.  The pole touch should not be reached for.
  • Skier holds the pole touch for 3 seconds without losing balance or drifting back or forward.


Bumps:  Intermediate terrain bumps with linked rhythmical turns.  L2 Bumps (First half of video only)

Assessment Criteria:

  • Speed is controlled and maintained.
  • Shape of turn is made with skis turning more than upper body.
  • Upper body remains stable with little effect from lower body movements
  • Ski/Snow contact is maintained through progressive flexion and extension of ankles, knees and hips.

 

 

Alpine Level III Assessment Activities

Pivot-slips: On groomed, advanced terrain, the skis are turned from right to left and left to right with leg rotation primarily from the hip socket – Skier performs these pivots as the slip down the fall line. Pivot Slip Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • The skier releases the edges simultaneously.
  • Stance width allows for the inside ski to be steered.
  • The skier uses leg rotation to turn the skis smoothly and continuously versus  abruptly through the use of counter rotation.
  • The legs turn before the hips start to turn.
  • The path of the feet is down the fall line even though the skis may turn 180 degrees left or right. Skis should remain parallel at all times.
  • The skier is able to maintain a roughly,1 ski length corridor
  • A changing in direction of the skis should not begin with a hop, up weighting, blocking pole touch or other influence other than a clean release and leg turning.


Skate to shape to short turns: On groomed intermediate terrain, forward oriented, diverging skating blends over distance to skating that provides turn shape and then to short turns

Assessment Criteria:

  • The skier should show propulsive skating, blending to shaping, and then to short turns using about one third of the allotted space for each identifiable segment of the task.
  • The tips of the skis should be farther apart than the tails when skating.
  • The lifted ski should be level with the surface or slightly tip down and remain closely directed towards the fall line.
  • The skis should move primarily forward leaving a clean slice at the end of the skating step.
  • The skier should be in a balanced state and in control when moving from foot to foot through the entire task.


Lane ChangesOn intermediate or advanced terrain using the width of approximately three groomers. Starting with a pre-assigned number of performance short turns, with the last turn entering a medium radius turn.  This medium turn should bring the skier across the center groomer width to the next lane where short turns are again started.  This is frequently performed with 5 short turns – one medium lane change – back to 5 short turns.  L3 Lane Change

Assessment Criteria:

  • Short turns should have consistent shape and radius.
  • Lane change should be distinct and of obvious difference in radius to the short turns.
  • Medium turn going across hill must have shape and not be a traverse.
  • The medium turn should carry energy across the fall line
  • Going from medium back to short turns should have grip and shape above the fall line.
  • The timing and intensity of movements should be adjusted appropriately for the different turn shapes.
  • The first turn in each lane should be short, not medium


1000 Steps:  Diverging, forward oriented, stepping off an edged and holding outside ski during dynamic medium radius turns.

Assessment Criteria:

  • The skier maintains proper alignment of body segments without tipping in or over rotating.
  • The skis move primarily forward rather than sideways.
  • Each step should move the skier inside of the existing arc.
  • The skier maintains speed control by using diverging steps to get to, though, and out of the fall line.


Performance Short Radius Turns: – 1 groomer width corridor on groomed intermediate or easy black terrain.   The skier performs round, short turns utilizing ski design.  Ski design and speed should provide energy that allows the skier to reach the edges of the corridor. Performance Short Turns

Assessment Criteria:

  • Ski performance is carved as possible in shaping phase given terrain, conditions, and ski design.
  • The line taken by the skis sends the center of mass across the hill at least one meter; consistent tempo (1 turn/sec) is maintained through the run.
  • These are not fall line oriented, short swing turns.
  • The skis are tipped and engaged before they are turned.
  • The skis are parallel with similar edge angles.
  • Both skis are engaged and bent in shaping phase of the turn. Speed is controlled through turn shape.
  • Fore/aft pressure control is managed through proportional flex/extend of all joints.
  • The torso remains stable and disciplined.
  • The stretching of the legs and the forward movement of the center of mass enables the skier to maintain pressure on the turning edges.
  • The skis are steered back under the body through edge change


Simultaneous parallel hop turns: Roughly one ski width corridor on advanced, groomed terrain. The skier hops in the air and the skis are pivoted in alternating directions while skis are off the ground.  The skier leaps and pivots the skis in one direction while airborne and lands in a way that allows another leap and pivot.  This process is continued for 10 – 15 hop turns.  Hop turns Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • The skis leave and land on the snow at the same time.
  • The pivot point is the center of the skis with equal turning of the tips and tails vs. the tails moving farther or quicker.
  • The skis are generally level with the snow surface.
  • The skier uses leg extension rather than retracting the legs in order to have skis leave the snow surface.
  • The skis are pivoted across the fall line enough to maintain speed control.
  • Each hop immediately follows the landing, with no time taken to regain balance or prepare to leap.


Railroad Tracks:  Performed on intermediate terrain using a narrow to medium corridor approximately the width of one to two groomers.  Skier uses the sidecut of skis and appropriate movements to perform pure carving with no skidding to a radius inside that provided by their equipment.
Assessment Criteria:

  • Skier must be able to bend the ski, not just ride the sidecut.
  • Tipping movements start in the boots and small movements originate from the feet.  As speed and turning forces increase, the skier’s body moves to the inside of the turn, then, as these forces are released, out of the turn and into the next.
  • Balance and correct alignment of the body segments is maintained to allow the skier to direct pressure to the outside ski.
  • Skis are tipped simultaneously and sidecut engages as skis travel forward along their length.
  • Turning comes from sidecut and bending of the ski. leaving two clean arcs in the snow.



 


Pain in the S: Short radius turns are made on a long radius turn path on advanced, groomed terrain.  Work to keep the same level of ski design involvement no matter where the turns are in relation to the fall line. Pain in the S Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • The tops and bottoms of turns should be round, not pushed.
  • The bottom of the turns should not be edge sets or jammed.
  • It should take several turns to get to, though, and out of the fall line
  • Appropriate blend of fundamentals should be used to maintain ski performance throughout all short turns.


Skiing on One Ski: This task may be varied based upon terrain, conditions and other factors.  The skier may be asked to keep one ski off the snow through a series of turns,  or may be asked to repeatedly lift a ski in the same portion of a turn. One ski videos Matrix

Assessment Criteria:

  • The skier can lift one ski off the snow through a series of turns, or repeatedly lift a ski at the same place in a turn while maintaining fore / aft and lateral balance.
  • The lifted ski should be level or slightly tip down.
  • Shape of the turns should be round. These are indicators of an accurate COM (fore-aft and lateral balancing skills).
  • A light dragging of the pole is acceptable; however, the pole usage should not be used to significantly impact balance.
  • Turning should be accomplished by a turning of the leg, separate from the upper body.
  • The ski should not be pushed into a turn.
  • Tipping movements should begin in the feet and legs.


Leapers:  Medium radius, dynamic turns on groomed, advanced terrain with moderate speed. The skier leaps through the transition from one turn to the next.  The skis should take off from and land in a medium to long radius turn path. Dynamic Medium Radius Leapers Video

Assessment Criteria:

  • The leap is performed from extension movements with both skis coming off the snow at the same time and landing back on the snow at the same time.
  • The direction of the leap should be towards the start of the next turn.
  • Edge change occurs while in the air.
  • Joints flex to absorb energy when landing and allow skier to control relationship of COM in relationship to the base of support.
  • Lateral movements should be appropriate to the lateral forces generated upon landing, allowing the skier to direct pressure to the outside ski.


Outside Ski TurnsOn intermediate or easy black terrain, the skier performs medium to long radius dynamic turns balancing against the outside ski from initiation through the shaping/control phase of the turn.  The skier switches skis just prior to edge change, and glides on the uphill edge of the new outside ski for 1 ski length before changing edges.   The turn shape is relatively round and speed is consistent throughout the task. Outside Ski Turns

Assessment Criteria:

  • The inside ski is off the snow through the initiation and shaping/control phase of the turn.
  • During the completion phase of the turn the skier begins transferring pressure to the uphill edge of the inside ski and is able to glide on this edge for approximately 1 ski length.
  • In the turn transition, the skier shows control of ski to ski pressure by gliding onto the uphill edge of the uphill ski and lifting the downhill ski off the snow.
  • The skier shows appropriate edging and pressure control movements as they flatten and change edges into the turn.
  • The skier shows control of the ski’s rotation and the tail of the ski follows the path of the tip as pressure builds against the inside edge and carving begins again.


Tuck turns: In a corridor the width of one to two groomers, on intermediate terrain, Short to medium radius turns done from a medium or high tuck, reaching the skis to the edges of the pre-defined corridor.

Assessment Criteria:

  • The legs should extend as they reach for the edges of the corridor and retract as they come back towards the middle. The skier can stretch and bend the legs in tuck turns without vertical movement of the torso.
  • The skier is able to maintain the relationship of the COM to the BOS to actively direct pressure along the length of the skis while in a tuck.
  • The skier is able to use tipping movements in the feet and legs to provide edge angle while in a tuck
  • The skier is able to utilize turning of the legs, separate from the upper body while in a tuck.


Hop to ShortSkier performs this activity on advanced terrain in a corridor one groomer width wide in a variety of potential conditions.  This activity starts with a hop, landing with the skis in or near the fall line and ends with a shaping of a short radius turn. Hop To Short

Assessment Criteria:

  • Direct hop at start of turn, through leg extension, towards apex of new turn.
  • Skis are guided in the air towards the apex of the new turn.
  • Skis land on the snow close to the fall line.
  • Joints flex to absorb energy, allowing the skier to land in balance so they can immediately begin shaping the turn.
  • Skis continue to shape the turn and control speed through leg rotation.

 

 

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